Medical termination of pregnancy up to 17 weeks and 6 days gestation

We understand that making the decision to end a pregnancy due to fetal abnormality, or for medical reasons, can be a very difficult and emotional time for you. 

This information will explain what happens next and advice for the future. You will also be given our booklet called When your baby dies which has lots of information about what to do after the termination of your pregnancy. It also has details about many charities and support services that you might find useful.

How the procedure is done

The process takes place in two stages. We use tablets to start (induce) a miscarriage. It is one of the options recommended by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists for safe termination at this stage of pregnancy. 

We will discuss the procedure with you, and ask you to sign a consent form. 

Alternative procedures

The alternative is a surgical termination procedure and we can give you information about this.

We want to involve you in decisions about your care and treatment. If you decide to go ahead, you will be asked to sign a consent form. This states that you understand what it involves and agree to have the treatment.

You can read more about our consent process.


Stage one of the procedure

We will give you a medicine called mifepristone, which is a tablet that you swallow. 

Mifepristone works by blocking the action of progesterone, which is a hormone needed to maintain a pregnancy. In other words, it switches off the pregnancy hormones.

This tablet will be given to you in the fetal medicine unit at St Thomas’ hospital. You will need to stay in the unit for about 30 minutes after taking the tablet in case you are sick. 

Mifepristone can usually be taken safely but may not be suitable for everyone. We will check your medical history and any other medicines you are taking, to make sure that this treatment is suitable for you.  

Side effects of mifepristone

Mifepristone does not usually cause any side effects but, as with all medicines, these can occur. These can vary from person to person but may include:

  • bleeding from your vagina 
  • cramps or period type pain
  • feeling sick or being sick
  • headaches
  • skin rashes

Very occasionally, you may get signs that your miscarriage has started before your next visit to hospital. Contact a member of staff if:

  • you have period-type pains, which are worse than usual
  • you have increasing bleeding 
  • fluid leaks from your vagina 

Stage two of the procedure

You will be given a date to be admitted to the gynaecology ward at St Thomas’ hospital, 48 hours after taking mifepristone. You will be in a single room with en-suite bathroom facilities. Your partner, a relative, or a friend will be able to stay with you if you wish. You can eat and drink normally.
A tablet called misoprostol will be inserted into your vagina. This medicine causes contractions which helps your body deliver the baby and placenta. You may need up to 5 doses, given every 3 hours. The later doses may be given by mouth but this can make you feel sick or have diarrhoea. 

If you have previously had a caesarean section or major surgery on your womb then we will give you a lower dose. This is to reduce the risk of problems with your scar. 

How long the process takes is different for everyone. You should plan to be in hospital at least 1 night. We can give you pain relief at any stage if you need it. 

If you wish, you can meet with a specialist bereavement nurse who will be able to offer support and advice, and let you know about counselling services.

Side effects of misoprostol

As with all medicines, people can have side effects with misoprostol. These can vary from person to person but may include: 

  • tummy (abdominal) pain
  • feeling or being sick
  • diarrhoea

Please let us know if you have any side effects or if you have any questions or concerns.

What to bring to hospital with you

As you will be in hospital for at least 1 night, we recommend that you bring with you:

  • any medicines that you are currently taking
  • glasses or contact lenses and cases
  • toiletries
  • towel
  • disposable pants
  • sanitary towels
  • slippers or flip-flops
  • T-shirt or nightdress for the delivery
  • light refreshments, such as water and snacks
  • phone charger
  • books or magazines

Problems or complications

Most people do not have problems when they have a termination of pregnancy, but these can happen.

At the time of the termination these can include:

  • The placenta being retained within the womb (uterus) after the baby is delivered. This can happen in 1 in every 20 (5%) procedures. Medicine may help your body to deliver the placenta, but if this is not successful then you will need a short operation. This is done through the vagina. You would have a general anaesthetic, so that you are asleep, for this operation.
  • Excessive bleeding. This can happen in 1 in every 1,000 (0.1%) procedures. You may need medicine to stop the bleeding, and sometimes a blood transfusion.
  • Damage to the womb, for example a tear (perforation). If you have not had a caesarean section or major surgery on your womb, there is a less than 1 in 1,000 (less than 0.1%) chance of this happening. This would be repaired by an operation under general anaesthetic.

Some problems may not be evident, or might not happen until days or weeks later, include:

  • Infection. This can happen in up to 1 in 10 (10%) cases. You will be treated with antibiotics if you get an infection.
  • Incomplete emptying of the womb, such as retained placental or fetal tissue, or blood clots. This can happen in up to 2 in 100 (2%) cases. You may need intravenous antibiotics (given through a drip) and an operation, to make sure that the uterus is empty, followed by a course of antibiotic tablets. This operation would be under general anaesthetic.

Seeing, holding and spending time with your baby (optional)

After the delivery, your baby will be wrapped in a small blanket. You are welcome to bring your own blanket if you wish. 

Thoughts about seeing or holding your baby are often very mixed. It can be a difficult decision to make and there is always the option to change your mind. If you wish to, you can see, hold and spend as much time as you like with your baby. Some people may wish to see the baby at some point, others may not. We will respect your wishes and support you with either choice.


Many of our families have told us how important it is to have keepsakes to show to family, friends, and children. We will help you to create mementos that feel right for you and can offer you comfort in the future. These can include memory boxes, wristbands and certificates. Where possible, and depending on the gestation of the pregnancy, this could include photographs, handprints and footprints.


Depending on the gestation of your pregnancy, and the reason for the termination, we may offer to carry out a post-mortem examination. This would be to investigate what could have contributed to any issues your baby may have had. Although a post-mortem examination doesn’t always find a definite cause of a baby’s abnormality, it may answer some questions, provide new or extra information or confirm the clinical diagnosis.  

We will discuss this with you while you are in hospital, and explain what a post-mortem involves. It will be your decision and we will not do one without your consent.

Resource number: 3698/VER3
Last reviewed: December 2023
Next review due: December 2026

Contact us

Hospital birth centre (including Butterfly Suite)
Floor 7, North wing, St Thomas’ Hospital
Phone: 020 7188 2975, or 020 7188 6867, or 020 7188 0746 (24 hours)

Early pregnancy and acute gynaecology unit (EPAGU)
Floor 8, North wing, St Thomas’ Hospital
Phone: 020 7188 0864, Monday to Friday, 8.30am to 6pm, Saturday and Sunday, 9.30am to 3pm

Fetal Medicine Unit
Floor 8, North wing, St Thomas’ Hospital
Fetal medicine unit midwives, phone: 020 7188 2321, Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm

Bereavement clinical nurse specialist, phone 020 7188 7188, extension 51880, or 07517 584183, on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, 9.30am to 4.30pm

Do you have any comments or concerns about your care?

Contact our Patient Advice and Liaison Service (PALS)

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