About breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women. It mostly occurs in older women and is uncommon under the age of 40. It is rare in men.
More than 70% of women with breast cancer survive after treatment. The amount of treatment needed depends on the type of cancer and whether it has spread beyond the breast. Effective treatment and the chances of cure are greatly improved with earlier diagnosis.
We offer rapid advice, diagnosis and treatment to patients with symptomatic breast problems, such as:
- a change in appearance eg puckering or dimpling of the skin; a change in the outline or shape of the breast, especially those caused by arm movements or by lifting the breast
- discomfort or pain eg discomfort or pain in one breast that is different from normal, particularly if new and persistent
- lumps eg any thickening or bumpy areas in one breast or armpit which seems to be different from the same part of the other breast and armpit. This is very important if it is new
- nipple changes eg discharge from the nipple that is new for you and not milky; bleeding or moist reddish areas that do not heal easily; any change in nipple position – pulled in or pointing differently; a rash on or around the nipple.
Most of these symptoms do not turn out to be breast cancer but should be checked by a medical professional.
Breast cancer risk assessment service
Our genetics department also have a breast cancer risk assessment service for patients who have a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer.